Orthopedic aids are used to control the dysfunction of the foot. When not functioning properly, causing foot pain. Orthopedic aids maintain links and bone structure of the foot, thereby alleviating pain. Orthopedic aids can be varied. They can be made of hard materials: metal, plastic and others. And can be dressed up or not. But you should always be made precise. There are several ways to develop orthopedic aids. One is to cast the leg. Another, newer method is to make an optical impression. Are also used in the print head. In any case, the shape of the foot should be taken right and sent in orthopedic laboratory, where a copy is made up of the patient. Then the model is correct and it produces auxiliary equipment. Orthopedic aids are used in a variety of problems both in adults and children. In children with them to adjust the structure of the canopy and position of the fingers, affecting gait or treat problems in the knees and hips. For people who are actively involved in sports, professional or amateur, are made special facilities for various sports, supporting the good performance of athletes. In elderly orthopedic equipment is used for correction and relief of problem areas of the foot. Patients suffering from diabetic ulcers, bones, spurs on the heel, plantar fast sit or arthritic problems can benefit from orthopedic aids.
The most common problems:
Hammer-shaped toes can be seen as forms of arthritis. They are the result of an imbalance in the structure of the muscles of the toes. Finger is distorted and even bend down as joint stands out. These are all cases of biometric imbalance. Although heredity also can cause these conditions, the most common cause is uncomfortable shoes. In diabetics and people with poor circulation, hammer-shaped toes can be a serious problem. They can cause infection and lead to loss of limb. If the hammer-shaped finger formed callus, it is often the result of pressure on the toes of the shoe. Some granny remedies that would help in these cases, massage, soak, paraffin baths, pads, creams and comfortable shoes. However, if redness or infection should be sought using the orthopedist or family doctor. If the deformation is permanent and causing constant pain, having the next stage of treatment, including surgery, including bone-setting.
Ossicle (HALLUX VALGUS)
Ossicle is a popular name for the condition known in medicine as hallux valgus. This is actually a diversion of the bone of the mid line of the body. Usually appears as a painful red bump on the inside of the foot to the joint of the big toe. The reasons are very little bone, but the longer wear tight uncomfortable shoes with narrow noses and high heels. There are several things you can do to ease the pain:
1. Good solid shoes with broad noses and comfortable pads
2. Anti-inflammatory medicines, prescription
3. Cold compresses
4. Soaking the foot in the foot salts or similar solutions, massage therapy or pads
Of course, if you have diabetes, poor irrigation, arthritis or neuropathy (decreased sensation of the foot) should immediately consult a doctor. In such cases, usually made X-ray to determine the exact cause and treatment of the condition. Although cortisone injections and orthopedic aids somewhat relieve pain, surgery is usually the final solution.