Archive for June 17th, 2012
For training in the gym sure that strengthen the body and health. But they also have a hidden threat that is so far indirect, and communicable diseases. In fact, more dangerous and it is common health problems and workout – due to error, negligence or overload. Most common in this respect are injuries to muscles, joints and tendons.
What are sports injuries?
Sometimes also known as “athletic injuries”, the majority of sports injuries are similar to injuries that normally occur in non-athletes. However, the key fact that differentiates them from the other general type of injuries is that such injuries may have occurred during sporting activities. Many are common to a variety of sports.
What are the risk factors for sports injuries in arthritis?
With respect to arthritis in particular, following risk factors may contribute to the occurrence of sports injuries:
Age: Elderly are more prone to sports injuries, in fact, any injuries as compared to the young and middle age people.
Weight: Obese or overweight people with arthritis have a tremendously increased risk of developing a sports injury.
Occupation: Certain occupations such as those involving overuse of the joints or heavy weight handling can also make a person prone to such injuries.
Malnutrition / improper diet: Lack of healthy, well balanced diet will result in improper nutrition and deficiency of important minerals such as calcium, magnesium and iron. All of these can collectively increase the risk of sports injury in arthritis sufferers.
Women: Studies and clinical trials show that women, especially of post-menopausal age (after 45) are more vulnerable to sports injuries. This is probably because of the fact that they are also at higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
Examples of sports injuries
Strain and tearing of muscles and their tendons are injuries common in the gym.
Actually there is a very thin line between being the norm and pathology.
Moment of deviation, delay of one hand in motion, changing center of gravity … and now you must visit the doctor.
And if one goes by stretching the muscle in a few days or weeks, often breaking it puts the end of many careers.
Everyone knows what muscles – those specific bodies that ensure and implement our movements.
Injuries do they do the opposite: prevent normal movement and exercise.
Tendons form the transitional tissue which attaches muscle to bone or fascia.
Their characteristic is its elasticity and stretch their hard, for this reason strain on them is a painful injury.
Stretching is a type of injury, where tissue for some time very strained, but the force is not sufficient to affect their integrity. In muscles that can occur when they are subjected to sudden and severe contraction in this process, engaging them and support system – ligaments. In practice, without having a complete tear, we micro-tears, stretching of the muscle fibers, often bruising and swelling. Symptoms here are pain, swelling, weakness, and therefore reduced functionality of the working group of muscles.
Tearing of a muscle or tendon caused by acute stress on the muscle, non traffic, etc. In practice, rupture occurs where when applied less force would have a strain, ie damage, just a serious injury. When the site is operated and prepare timely, connective tissue ingrowth and take appropriate measures, the trauma becomes chronic, turned into a hernia. When an injury of this kind is important to immediately cool place, preferably with water or ice packs. After 24 to 48 hours ice pack is replaced by another, most often against such flows. It is time to visit a doctor.
Once an injury has been sustained, there are still measures that may prevent arthritis. Avoiding strenuous or demanding activities may decrease the chances of arthritis. In many cases, the problem can be surgically corrected, restoring proper mechanics and thereby hopefully preventing arthritis. However, this is needed only in extreme cases.
If arthritis does result, there are also many ways to treat the symptoms. The first is activity modification (lifestyle and dietary changes). Occasionally, orthotics or braces may help. Medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or anti-inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen may offer relief, although, only temporarily. Physical therapy, including exercises, is also helpful. New over-the-counter nutritional supplements such as Provailen may also help. Occasional joint injections may give some relief. When all other measures have failed, surgery ranging from arthroscopy to joint replacement can be performed.